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Tartar or Calculuswhich sticks to the necks of teeth, is the enemy we are fighting. Calculus can cause destruction of the gums and underlying bone if allowed to remain on the teeth.  As calculus grows, it extends above and below the gum line, firmly attaching itself to the tooth and irritating the gum tissue. Calculus begins as a soft, sticky material called plaque. The responsibility for plaque removal is your job. The best way to keep teeth free from plaque is to properly brush and floss them daily. A plaque-free tooth stays a calculus-free tooth.


Regular Cleaning - The purpose of a cleaning is to remove plaque, calculus, and  stains from the surfaces of teeth above the gingival margin (gum line).  This procedure is called a prophylaxis.


Debride - This is when you have a lot of tartar on your teeth. Usually when it has been awhile since you have been in to see a dentist.


Periodontal Disease (Deep Cleaning):
One of the most prevalent disease of man is gum (periodontal) disease. More than 80 percent of teeth that are pulled (extracted) in people 30 years of age and older are lost due to periodontal disease. This is ironic because pyorrhea is one of the easiest diseases to prevent. Thorough brushing and flossing on a regular basis prevent most periodontal diseases.

Periodontal disease affects the supporting tissues of the teeth - the gums and underlying bone. Even when periodontal trouble is extensive it is usually painless, and patients are generally unaware of any gum problem. Periodontal trouble may continue for several years before loss of teeth occurs eventually, as the gums and bone dissolve away from the teeth, the teeth become loose. If this process continues, the teeth will have to be removed because of loss of support.

Soft and hard irritating deposits on the teeth are the major cause of gum disease. The soft, sticky, clear material is called dental plaque. It is made up of bacteria (germs), small pieces of food, and saliva. If you allow plaque to remain on the teeth, it becomes a hard, crust like deposit called tartar. You must remove the soft plaque on a regular basis to prevent tartar from forming.


Dr. Raul Reyes will do what is called Periodontal Therapy. After the plaque and calculus are removed from the periodontal pocket and the root surface, the area is often rough and irregular.  The roughness is removed by root planing. This is a process of making a smooth root surface  which is known as planing  with instruments.

Signs of Gum disease:
Don't Wait Until It Hurts.
Periodontal disease is painless. It affects 87%of the population and often victims are unaware.

These are the warning signs and the American Dental Association and our staff want you to be aware:

  1. Do your gums bleed when you brush your teeth or use a toothpick between them?
  2. Are your gums red, swollen, or tender?
  3. Are your gums pulling away from your teeth?
  4. Do you see pus between your teeth and your gums when the gums are pressed?
  5. Are your permanent teeth loose or separating?
  6. Is there a change in the fit of your partial dentures?
  7. Do you have bad breath?


If you answered yes to any of these questions, you owe it to yourself to bring it to the attention of Dr. Reyes. Act now and keep your teeth for a lifetime.