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REMOVABLE PARTIAL DENTURE
Removable partial dentures replace one or more missing teeth. A removable partial denture is easily removed by the patient. The support for a removable partial is provided by nearby teeth and gums. Chrome is used for the basic structure of the removable partial. Plastic (for the gums) and porcelain or plastic teeth make up the remaining parts of the partial denture.
There are many combinations of missing and remaining teeth. The recommendation for any partial or complete denture will be based on a thorough examination (usually including x-rays) of your teeth and jaws. Certain missing tooth situations demand that a partial removable denture be used. These situations include those in which there are no back teeth on one or both sides of your jaw. A partial to fit this situation is called a :free-end-saddle"and gets most of its support from the gum. This is the most common type of removable partial denture.
Removable partials can also be used to replace several back and front missing teeth. Almost any combination of missing teeth can be replaced with a removable partial denture. For this reason it is much more popular than the fixed partial denture (bridge). The removable partial is usually much less expensive than the fixed partial denture. Partials are supported by hooks (clasps and knobs of metal specially designed to fit the adjacent teeth. The gums provide the remaining support for the partial denture. All of these irregular surfaces must be regularly cleaned by you in order to keep your mouth healthy.
The success you have with your dentures depends as much on your attitude. Your positive attitude will help you to overcome any difficulties you may have with your new teeth.
Much progress has been made in the quality of the materials used in making dentures. The main part of your denture is made of a pink plastic. Denture teeth are made of plastic or porcelain.
An immediate denture is a complete denture which is inserted immediately following the removal of all remaining teeth.
If you are missing several teeth and need full dentures, Dr. Reyes may be able to recommend an over denture. An over denture is a full denture made to fit over a few remaining teeth. The over denture provides improved stability and helps to maintain the gum and bone which support the denture.
The first step in making an over denture is removal of the pulp and nerve of the teeth to be saved (at least two, and preferably three or four teeth should be salvageable. Root canal fillings are completed, and the teeth are shaved down until they are just above the level of the gums. Dr. Reyes can either place precision attachments or put fillings in them. The final impressions are then taken and a denture is made to fit exactly over these teeth.
The underlying bone will shrink following the placement of new dentures. Shrinkage of gums and bones is especially noticeable when an immediate denture is inserted.
Dr. Reyes can fill in your dentures with a reline material. A denture reline is a relatively simple procedure to restore the proper fit of your teeth without making new dentures. There are two ways to make a denture reline:
The first and easiest method is called an office reline because it is accomplished in the office.
The second method of making a denture reline is called the lab reline. This usually involves a full day of work by the lab. You must do without your dentures during this period.
Both procedures provide acceptable ways to improve the fit of your dentures without making a new set of teeth.
Bridges, Partial Dentures and Complete Dentures: This information is the same as under the pageBridges. But it also applies to this page.
Teeth are meant to be a permanent part of your body, not something to lose as you get older. Modern concepts of root canal therapy, orthodontic treatment, and plaque control greatly reduce the need for extracting (pulling) teeth. However, accidental loss, certain root fractures, and periodontal disease still cause loss of teeth. The replacement of missing teeth becomes a part of restoring your mouth to a healthy condition. Any artificial replacement of a natural body part is called a prosthesis. There are four types of prosthetic appliances used to replace missing teeth:
A fixed partial denture (bridge) is permanently cemented into the mouth. A complete denture replaces all of the teeth in the upper or lower jaw. Partial dentures replace one or more teeth and get their support from nearby teeth. The type of replacement needed is determined by the number and location of the missing teeth or tooth.
Missing teeth should be replaced for several reasons: